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International Research

HSI’s international comparative research analyzes differences in health and health systems across countries.

Health System Efficiency

Across OECD countries, growth in health expenditures has exceeded growth in Gross Domestic Product. This poses serious problems for debt growth and management of health systems facing economic and demographic challenges. Use of resources to most efficiently and equitably address the health needs of populations is widely recognized as central to the question of reducing health expenditures. The HSI team has used international comparisons to explore differences in health system efficiencies and to promote understanding of the determinants of highly efficient health systems to inform health policy efforts.

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* Statistically insignificant estimate

Notes: Estimates represent average change associated with a $100 increase in total health expenditures per capita each year for 1991-2007.

* Statistically insignificant estimate

Notes: Estimates represent average change associated with a 1% increase in total health expenditures per capita each year for 1991-2007.

 

Barthold D, Nandi A, Mendoza Rodriguez JM, Heymann J. Analyzing Whether Countries Are Equally Efficient at Improving Longevity for Men and Women. Am J Public Health. 2014;104(11):2163-2169.

Health and Employment

The relationship between employment and health is complex. Loss of employment may lead to a loss of health and alternately health burdens can negatively impact work productivity and employment. This relationship is further complicated by cultural, political, and social factors which vary across countries. In order to better understand the societal costs of this dynamic across varied national contexts, the HSI team has used advanced analytic techniques to explore both sides of this relationship using data from international settings.